Constitution of the Seal Islands

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The Constitution of the Seal Islands is the fundamental law of the Seal Islands and establishes the state as a democratic nation. The constitution was written on April 6th, 2001 and ratified on April 21st, 2001. The constitution has since been intact and not changed. For changes to be introduced to the constitution, both the senate and parliament will need a 2/3 majority of votes for changes.

The constitution[edit]

Chapter I[edit]

General provisions of the Seal Islands.

§ 1.[edit]

The Seal Islands are a democratic nation, where all power is vested in the people. The independence of the nation is timeless and inalianable.

§ 2.[edit]

The land, territorial waters and airspace of the Seal Islands are indivisible and inseparable.

§ 3.[edit]

Every constituent country of the Seal Islands has the right to pass their own laws for the better of their citizens. The central government will retain the right to overrule any decisions.

§ 4.[edit]

The state authority shall be exercised solely pursuant to the Constitution and laws which are in conformity therewith. Generally recognised principles and rules of international law are an inseparable part of the Seal Islands. Laws shall be published in the prescribed manner. Only published laws have obligatory force.

§ 5.[edit]

The activities of the Senate, the Parliament, the President and all courts shall be organised on the principle of separation and balance of powers.

§ 6.[edit]

The natural wealth and resources of the Seal Islands are national riches, and shall be used for the prosperity of all Sealien citizens.

§ 7.[edit]

The official language of the Seal Islands is, and will always be Dutch. The constituent countries are to be able to assign any additional languages by themselves.

§ 8.[edit]

The national colours of the Seal Islands are orange, white and green. The design of the flag and other national symbols are to be provided by law.

Chapter II[edit]

Fundamental Rights, Duties and Freedoms of all citizens.

§ 9.[edit]

Every child with at least one parent who is of Sealien citizenship has the right to Sealien citizenship from hatch. Everyone who has lost their citizenship as a minor has the right to resumption. No one shall be deprived of their citizenship acquired by birth. No one shall be deprived of their citizenship based on their gender, species, origin, property, social status or political opinion.

§ 10.[edit]

The rights, duties and freedoms of each person, as set by the Constitution, shall be equal to all citizens of the Seal Islands.

§ 11.[edit]

Rights and freedoms may be restricted only by the Constitution. Such restrictions must be in place for a democratic society.

§ 12.[edit]

All citizens are equal before the law. No one shall be discriminated against on the basis of their nationality, gender, species, origin, background, political or other opinion, social status, or any other grounds. Any incitement of hate speech, violence or other case of discrimination shall, by law, be prohibited and punishable.

§ 13.[edit]

Everyone has the right to protection of the state and of the law. The Seal Islands shall also protect any citizens abroad.

§ 14.[edit]

The guarantee of rights and freedoms is the duty of the legislative, executive and judicial powers, and of local governments.

§ 15.[edit]

Everyone whose rights and freedoms are violated has the right of recourse to the courts. Everyone has the right, while their case is before the court, to petition for any relevant law, other legislation or procedure to be declared unconstitutional.

§ 16.[edit]

The courts shall follow and operate on the basis of the Constitution and shall declare unconstitutional any law or other legislature that violates the rights and freedoms provided by the Constitution.

§ 17.[edit]

Everyone has the right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one has the right to deprive someone of their life.

§ 18.[edit]

No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel and degrading treatment or punishment. No one shall be subjected to medical or scientific experiments against their free will.

§ 19.[edit]

Everyone shall honour and consider the rights and freedoms of others, and shall observe the law, in exercising their rights and freedoms and in fulfilling their duties.

§ 20.[edit]

Everyone has the right to liberty and security of person. No one shall be deprived of their liberty except in cases of actions that shall be considered unlawful by the court.

§ 21.[edit]

Everyone who is deprived of their liberty shall be promptly informed of the reason of the deprivation of liberty and their rights, and shall be given the opportunity to notify those close to them. Everyone who is deprived of their liberty shall be allowed to question this deprivation in court.

§ 22.[edit]

No one shall be presumed guilty of a criminal offence until a conviction by a court against them enters into force.

§ 23.[edit]

Everyone has the right to compensation for moral and material damage caused by the unlawful action of any person.

§ 24.[edit]

State agencies, local governments, and their officials shall not interfere with the private or family life of any person, except in the cases and pursuant to procedure provided by law to protect health, morals, public order, or the rights and freedoms of others, to combat a criminal offence, or to apprehend a criminal offender.

§ 25.[edit]

Everyone has the right to the protection of health.

§ 26.[edit]

Every citizen has the right to choose their area of activity, profession and place of work. Citizens of foreign states and stateless citizens have this right along with citizens of the Seal Islands, unless otherwise provided by law.

§ 27.[edit]

The property of every person is inviolable and equally protected. Property may be expropriated without the consent of the owner only by law, and for fair and immediate compensation. Everyone whose property is expropriated without their consent has the right of recourse to the courts and to contest the expropriation, the compensation, or the amount thereof. Everyone has the right to freely possess, use, and dispose of their property.

§ 28.[edit]

The home is inviolable. No one's dwelling, real or personal property under their control, or place of employment shall be forcibly entered or searched, except in the cases and pursuant to procedure provided by law, to protect public order, health or the rights and freedoms of others, to combat a criminal offence, to apprehend a criminal offender, or to ascertain the truth in a criminal procedure.