Dragonstonian language

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Dragonstonian (muret Artedenara), is a North Dragonstonic language spoken by around 12 million people, mostly in Dragonstone, where it is the official language. The Dragonstonian language belongs in the Dragonstonic language family, a language family which is unrelated to any other known language in Antarctica, and is considered as belonging in a micro language family due to its similarity with some other languages in Antarctica. Dragonstonian is spoken and written in the verb-subject-object form, as opposed to the subject-verb-object form used in English.

History[edit]

The modern Dragonstonian language descends from Middle Dragonstonian, which was spoken in the middle ages, and descended from Old Dragonstonian, which all languages in the Dragonstonic language family descends from. Old Dragonstonian itself is descended off of Proto-Dragonstonian, a language that was spoken by the Quendi in Valnor, where it originated from. Proto-Dragonstonian was completely unrelated from the Valnorian language spoken in Valnor, although Proto-Dragonstonian does share a lot of loan words with Valnorian due to the languages' being within close distance of each other.

The Kingdom of Dragonstone, which was founded in the early middle ages, decided to adopt the Latin alphabet as the official alphabet in order to make translating the language with other languages easier. The Old Dragonstonian language became spread through the colonization of different lands and trade conducted by the Kingdom of Dragonstone, which left the language in present day United Provinces, Candvia, and Antarctica, along with the current Dragonstonian colonies as well. These languages would evolve into the other Dragonstonic languages that exist today.

Dragonstonian language family[edit]

Italics represent extinct dialects or languages.

  • Proto Dragonstonic
    • Old Dragonstonic
      • Old North Dragonstonic
        • Early Old Dragonstonian
          • Late Old Dragonstonian
            • Middle Dragonstonian
              • Early Modern Dragonstonian
                • Modern Dragonstonian
          • Old Kalidarian
            • Middle Kalidarian
              • Modern Kalidarian
        • Old Stepstonian
          • Late Old Stepstonian
            • Middle Stepstonian
              • Modern Stepstonian
          • Old Astranaarian
            • Astranaarian
        • Old Elswyrian
          • Early Old Elswyrian
            • Late Old Elswyrian
              • Modern Elswyrian
      • Old South Dragonstonic
        • Antarctico-Dragonstonic
          • Primitive Andorhalian
            • Early Old Andorhalian
              • Late Old Andorhalian
                • Middle Andorhalian
                  • Modern Andorhalian
        • Primitive Peninsulan
          • Early Old Peninsulan
            • Old Acadian
              • Early Middle Acadian
                • Late Middle Acadian
                  • Early Modern Acadian
                    • Modern Acadian
            • Old Galharian
              • Galharian
            • Late Old Peninsulan
              • Early Middle Peninsulan
                • Late Middle Peninsulan
                  • Modern Peninsulan
      • Old West Dragonstonic
        • Old Flaxetian
          • Flaxetian

Grammar[edit]

The Dragonstonian language has three grammatical cases, nominative, accusative, and genitive, similar to English, which also uses those three, and no grammatical genders, similar to English. Additionally, the Dragonstonian language has three grammatical tenses, past, present, and future, which is also similar to English. However, unlike English, Dragonstonian is a highly inflected language, with a conjugation for each verb preceding a pronoun. Dragonstonian also has one definite article, "kor", meaning "the", and two indefinite articles, "ut" and "utas", meaning "a" and "an, respectively.

Prepositions[edit]

These are not all the prepositions

about = deres

above = onena

across = tureg

after = ent

against = varik

among = dur

around = eketir

as = ifte

at = ik

before = kenger

behind = orr

below = garek

beside = irren

between = ember

despite = panar

for = eri

in = işt

of = ao

on = fede

Nouns[edit]

Below are some of the nouns in Dragonstonian

fish = kelonar

stone = arted

dragon = danen

king = ketter

kingdom = ketternen

country = efterhem

food = disi

house = biruv

chair = girid

table = purok

hill = urvek

republic = respubliki

place = norgar

town = sektis

forest = pelesti

man = kevu

woman = etak

arm = meneg

shoe = zerak

land = forset

people = glekisi

girl = adar

face = serret

force = ĉerek

school = mareviseka

adversity = vesarema

danger = seroketi

Adjectives[edit]

firm = lorvis

resilient = deskaro

persistent = zerdetak

strong = tekespa

glorious = heperik

old = akaret

armed = avrar

good = liri

beautiful = alisek

long = tura

Verbs[edit]

These are not all the verbs

to eat = refte

to go = vette

to walk = hitte

to talk = dikette

to have = kenatte

to live = prevette

to stand = jikeste

to return = guresette

to protect = dresakate

Below are the verb conjugations with the verb "vette", meaning "to go"

I go = vettik ap

You go = vettor dak

He goes = vet afti

She goes = vettel efa

We go = vettenti sel

They go = vette hir

Pronouns[edit]

I = ap

you = dak

he = afti

she = efa

we = sel

they = hir

it = nen

Sample sentences[edit]

They are eating a fish = Refte hir bet ut kelonar

We are going to the mall = Vette hir bet ka kor mall

She is walking barefoot across the town = Hitte efa atse neres vulita tureg kor sektis

Writing system[edit]

The Old Dragonstonian language, the predecessor to Modern Dragonstonian, used the runic alphabet of Valnorian for writing, but adopted the Latin alphabet in the middle ages so that translating the language would be easier. The Dragonstonian Latin alphabet consists of 27 letters, and has removed some letters over the years since they didn't exist in Dragonstonian. As the Latin alphabet didn't have specific sounds in Dragonstonian, the Dragonstonian Latin alphabet has some diacritics that demonstrate certain sounds that don't exist in letter form in the Latin alphabet.

The Dragonstonian Latin alphabet consists of 27 letters - Aa Bb Cc Čč Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Ĵĵ Kk Ķķ Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Rr Ss Şş Tt Uu Vv Ww Zz. With the diacritics, the č is pronounced "ch", the ş is pronounced "sh", the ķ is pronounced "qu", or "kw", and the ĵ is pronounced like the "y" in "yes". The Dragonstonian Latin alphabet also dropped the letters Qq Xx Yy, with Qq and Yy being replaced with Ķķ and Ĵĵ when it is pronounced like the "y" in "yes", respectively. If the "y" is being pronounced like "i" or "e", then it is replaced with "i" or "e".

Trivia[edit]

See Also[edit]